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Causes of Infertility

kısırlık nedenleri ve tedavisi

The human reproductive system has a complex structure. In order to get pregnant, ovulation and fertilization processes must occur perfectly.

  • The pituitary gland on a woman’s brain gives the order for releasing an egg for the fertilization process.
  • The hypophysis hormones (FSH - LH), stimulates the ovaries for releasing an egg. This is called ovulation and it usually occurs in the 14th day of a 28-day menstrual cycle.
  • The released egg starts a journey into the fallopian tubes and fertilization can occur in 24 hours. Having sexual intercourse 1 or 2 days before the ovulation can increase the chance of pregnancy.
  • In order to get pregnant, egg and sperm must meet in the fallopian tubes. Sperm is capable of fertilization of the egg within 72 hours. In order sperm to reach the egg, erection, and ejaculation of the man is necessary. Also, there is a need for healthy, regularly moving and a sufficient number of sperms.
  • In order for sperm to reach the egg, a woman must have a healthy vaginal and uterus space.
  • If the fertilization of an egg is successful, it relocates into the uterus.

In some occasions, something can go wrong in this complex process, causing infertility. The cause or causes of infertility can be originated from both of the spouses :

  • In 20% of the cases, infertility is originated from man.
  • In 30-40% of the cases, infertility is originated from both man and women.
  • In 40-50% of the cases, infertility is originated from women.

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