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What Is IVF?

tüp bebek tedavisi

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment is the most preferred assisted reproductive technique. The treatment process starts by stimulating the ovaries using infertility medicine aiming women to produce more eggs than usual. The ovaries have follicles which are pouches filled with fluids. When the eggs are mature enough, they are removed from ovaries. The follicle fluid which has the eggs is removed and placed in a container. The eggs are inspected under the microscope. After the incubation period at the laboratory, washed sperms are added to the container. The fertilization and early embryo development happen in this container. After 2 or 3 days, fertilized eggs (embryos) are transferred to the uterus. This process is done with a soft and flexible catheter.

The risks of Assisted Reproductive Techniques

The risks associated with assisted reproductive techniques are related to the use of drugs and the operation to harvest the eggs.

Some of the risks are :

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Damage to nearby organs
  • The Over-stimulation syndrome on ovaries.
  • Risk of multiple pregnancies

The studies show no difference in abnormal situations between babies born with assisted reproductive techniques and babies born naturally.

The situations which require to use Assisted Reproductive Techniques

In Vitro Fertilization gives a pregnancy chance to a patient who has a blockage on both tubes. It can be also used these situations :

  • Endometriosis
  • Unexplained Infertility
  • Cervix related Infertility
  • Male infertility
  • Ovulation disorders


The situations which have a higher chance of pregnancy using assisted reproductive techniques :

  • The patients with natural ovulation and responding to infertility medicine
  • Patients with a healthy uterus

The situations which have a lower chance of pregnancy using assisted reproductive techniques :

  • Women over 40
  • Patients with early menopause and who no longer ovulate

• Patients with untreatable scars on their uterus, polyposis or fibroid.

Bu yazılarıda okuyun: Suppression of Hormones »

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